Poniżej przedstawiamy przykładowe pytania z testu matury próbnej z języka angielskiego z 2021 roku. Zwracamy uwagę, iż jest to okrojona wersja więc nie daje ona pełnej informacji na temat umiejętności czy też trudności testu.
ACTORS IN ELIZABETHAN THEATRE
Acting was not an easy profession in Elizabethan times. A theatre company often presented a different play every day, so before each performance actors had to learn new roles. It took them many hours because plays were very long and actors had to memorise a lot of texts from different plays at the same time. Actors also had to constantly practise their dancing and fighting skills.
In the plays there was a great variety of characters but theatre companies usually hired no more than twelve actors. In order to reduce costs an actor was expected to play a number of parts in one play. Any actor who had short speaking parts had to run backstage, put on a new costume and get back on stage as a different character.
During the Elizabethan era only men were allowed to play roles in the theatre. Teenage boys with high voices who acted as females had to put on white make-up which contained lead. This chemical substance was not safe to use and, as a result, the boy actors had serious trouble with their skin and sometimes even died because of health problems.
Elizabethan theatregoers paid careful attention to what was said during a play. They wanted to hear all the words clearly. Because there weren’t any microphones and the performances were in the open air, the actors needed to speak loudly and clearly with good breath control. Though the fights and dancing were very entertaining, it was the words that moved the audience most.
adapted from http://www.bardstage.org/globe-theatre-female-roles
Mike, I’m happy that you’ve decided to try snowboarding. You asked if you should have your own snowboard. If you’re still not sure that this is the sport for you, I think it would be better to rent one. Then, if you find that you love this sport, you can buy your own snowboard. Remember to tell the rental person that you need a beginner’s board. They are a different shape. And try on the boots before you go out on the hillside! Please, share some photos of your first day out. Bye, Andy
First there was heavy rain, then there was a storm and then came a hurricane – such was the power of our boys. The opponents had no chance. They were the stars from the beginning to the end of the match. It’s not a secret that many fans didn’t believe in the new coach but it’s obvious now that his skills have had an amazing effect on the players. If they keep fighting like this for the rest of the season, the championship will be ours!
I pull my helmet off and look up at the crowd. I notice Mom. She always supports me but she worries I’ll get hurt. I wish my dad was here. He rarely comes to my football games. People think it’s because he’s busy, because he’s Donovan Woods, the famous head coach of the Tennessee Titans. The truth is he doesn’t want me to play. Why doesn’t he want me to choose the same career? After all, he loves the fact that my brother plays for the University of Tennessee. So what’s Dad’s problem with me playing? He thinks there is no place in this sport for a girl.
KEN ROCKWELL’S STORY
When I was a little kid, I kept asking my parents for a camera and finally, at the age of five, I got one from them. It was my grandfather’s old camera which was kept in the attic of our New York house. I experimented with it a lot, pointing it at everything around me. I had a lot of fun photographing the cloudless sky, the mess in my room and insects in the garden. By the age of nine I’d read every book about photography at my local library and I was much more interested in taking pictures than riding a bicycle or playing football.
When I was eighteen, I moved from New York to San Diego to attend the best available university program in photography. This part of California is famous for its mountains, deserts, cliffs and beaches popular with surfers. I spent most of my leisure time taking pictures and improving my technique. I also made friends with local photographers and met a lot of celebrities.
I was twenty when I got my first permanent job. I started to work as a photographer and photo editor at one of the top newspapers in California. At first, I was worried that I would not be able to manage it but I loved what I did and it turned out easier than I’d expected. The money was good and I got to enjoy some great employment benefits. I was paid much because my photographs were getting more and more popular. Private collectors were buying my works and galleries were showing my photographs in different parts of the country.
I started my own website to show my photos and share some personal notes about taking professional pictures. Soon many people got interested and started to visit it. I guess it is so popular because it’s fairly independent. I generally do not publish adverts. It makes my website different from other commercial websites about photography, which are usually packed with advertisements. I’ve never done anything to promote my site other than adding my photographs to it and writing about the techniques I use to take my photos. Search engines show that over the years I’ve become the world’s most influential and trusted photographer. Even the world’s largest printed photography magazine has fewer readers than my website.
Some time ago I returned with my family to New York. I couldn’t stop thinking about the place where I was born and lived before moving to California. My best memories are from here. Besides, it is the perfect place for me from a professional point of view. The best camera makers have always had their agencies on Long Island, the world’s best camera stores are here and New York is also the home of the biggest press offices. I really felt great to be back in New York! This city makes much more sense as a place for me to work and do what I’m passionate about.
adapted from www.kenrockwell.com
C. INTENSIVE PREPARATION FOR EVERY PLAY
E. SEVERAL ROLES PLAYED DURING ONE PERFORMANCE
B. A SERIOUS DANGER TO YOUNG ACTORS
A. THE IMPORTANCE OF A STRONG VOICE
C. give him advice on snowboarding equipment.
A. the promising results of a sports team.
B. The girl’s father is against her playing football.
B. became fascinated with taking pictures when he was a child.
D. to study photography.
D. It has fewer ads than other photography websites.
A. he missed the city where he grew up.
C. a hobby which turned into a successful career.